Name:    Haplochromis sp. "all red"  Kyoga and Nawampassa

Synonym:    Xystichromis sp. "Kyoga flameback"

Common name:    Kyoga Flameback or Kyoga Allred

Location:    Lake Kyoga and Lake Nawampassa

Adult male size:    6 inches (16 cm)

Diet:    plants

Lake Kyoga and Lake Nawampassa are two of the satellite lakes north of Lake Victoria in Uganda.  It seems that years ago this fish was commonly called the "Kyoga All Red" and now the name "Kyoga Flameback" has become more popular.  Perhaps this is due to the fact that there is also a Haplochromis sp. "Allred-Lake Edward" that looks much different so this name makes things less confusing.


Personal notes:  I've now had two opportunities to keep this absolutely stunning Victorian.  I bought a pair of full grown Hap all aeds at the Cincinnati Club auction in 1999 (see pictures at the bottom of this page).  The male was already 6 inches (16 cm) long and the female was around 5 inches (13 cm) lomg.  I placed them in a 75 gallon tank with some rather aggressive mbuna.  This was not a good mix, as the All Reds were a much more peaceful cichlid and not quite up to the task of living with this much harrassment despite their size advantage.

Then in June of 2008 I purchased eight (3M:5F) two inch (5 cm) long Haplochromis sp "Kyoga flamebacks" from the local aquarium store.  (One "female" turned out to be a sub-dominant male.)  I grew them out in a 46 gallon bowfront tank with some Pseudotropheus saulosi.  In less than 24 hours, the dominant male had removed all the gravel from under a rock and bred with one of the females (see pictures below).  Unfortunately, the female did not hold to term.

The young Kyoga Flamebacks are an extremely active Victorian.  They are one of my favorite Victorian species due to their brilliant colors and their active yet mostly peaceful nature.

The above photo shows a young 2 inch (5 cm) male Haplochromis sp. "Kyoga flameback" also known as the Haplochromis sp. "all red Kyoga/Nawampassa":

The above pictures were taken with a different camera setting and light setup.


The above pictures is the dominant male at around 3 1/2 inches (9 cm) long.

Above is a young female

Above left is a young male just minutes before breeding.  On the right is the sub-dominant male:

They bred less than 24 hours after I bought them under a rock as you can see above.

The females (see above) also vary their color based upon mood.  They initially had a golden brown color but have since turned silver.  The horizontal lines come and go.

Above is the large male AllRed I purchased in 1999.

The very old all red female above wasn't much to look at.

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see also:



See Cichlid News magazine July 1999  (Volume 8, no. 3) for Haplochromis sp "all red"